C/2014 UN271 Bernardinelli-Bernstein
more info
The discovery of C/2014 UN271 was announced in June 2021 by Bernardinelli & Bernstein (2021) on the basis of astrometric observations spanning 20 nights from 20 October 2014 to 8 November 2018 (29.0 au – 23.7 au from the Sun). A little later, at a heliocentric distance of over 20 au, observers reported the cometary activity of C/2014 UN271.
The comet will pass through perihelion (10.95 au from the Sun) on 22 January 2031; thus solutions given here are currently based on pre-perihelion data taken at large heliocentric distances.
Most probably, this Oort spike comet suffers small planetary perturbations during its passage through the planetary system.

More details in Dybczyński and Królikowska 2022 (or Dybczyński and Królikowska 2022).

solution description
number of observations 134
data interval 2010 11 15 – 2022 02 13
data type observed only before perihelion (PRE)
data arc selection entire data set (STD)
range of heliocentric distances 34.07 au – 19.31au
detectability of NG effects in the comet's motion NG effects not determinable
type of model of motion GR - gravitational orbit
data weighting YES
number of residuals 248
RMS [arcseconds] 0.16
orbit quality class 1a+
orbital elements (barycentric ecliptic J2000)
Epoch 1715 03 12
perihelion date 2031 01 21.51643317 ± 0.01307638
perihelion distance [au] 10.94888217 ± 0.00007531
eccentricity 0.99943730 ± 0.00000662
argument of perihelion [°] 326.280666 ± 0.000378
ascending node [°] 190.002669 ± 0.000025
inclination [°] 95.46609 ± 0.000023
reciprocal semi-major axis [10-6 au-1] 51.39 ± 0.60
file containing 5001 VCs swarm
Upper panel: Time distribution of positional observations with corresponding heliocentric (red curve) and geocentric (green curve) distance at which they were taken. The horizontal dotted line shows the perihelion distance for a given comet whereas vertical dotted line — the moment of perihelion passage.
Middle panel(s): O-C diagram for a given solution (sometimes in comparison to another solution available in CODE), where residuals in right ascension are shown using magenta dots and in declination by blue open circles.
Lowest panel: Relative weights for a given data set(s).
Six 2D-projections of the 6D space of original swarm including 5001 VCs. Each density map is given in logarithmic scale presented on the right in the individual panel.