C/2001 Q4 NEAT
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Comet C/2001 Q4 was discovered on 24 August 2001 by Near-Earth-Asteroid Tracking Team (Jet Propulsion Laboratory), that is about 2.8 yr before its perihelion passage. It was observed until 18 August 2004.
Comet had its closest approach to the Earth on 6 May 2004 (0.321 au), ten days before its perihelion passage.
C/2001 Q4 is a comet with non-gravitational effects strongly manifested in positional data fitting. Preferred orbital solution given here is based on data spanning over 4.98 yr in a range of heliocentric distances from 10.11 au to 8.82 au; however data taken around perihelion passage are excluded (see figure).
This Oort spike comet suffers rather large planetary perturbations during its passage through the planetary system; these perturbations lead to escape the comet from the planetary zone on a hyperbolic orbit (see future barycentric orbits).
More details in Królikowska, Dybczyński and Sitarski and Królikowska 2020.

solution description
number of observations 2673
data interval 2001 08 24 – 2006 08 18
data type perihelion within the observation arc (FULL)
data arc selection entire data set (STD)
range of heliocentric distances 10.11 au – 0.96 au (perihelion) – 8.82 au
type of model of motion NN - non-gravitational orbits for dedicated g(r)-like function
data weighting YES
number of residuals 5316
RMS [arcseconds] 0.56
orbit quality class 1a+
orbital elements (barycentric ecliptic J2000)
Epoch 2294 12 21
perihelion date 2004 05 15.81789422 ± 0.00003770
perihelion distance [au] 0.96127801 ± 0.00000021
eccentricity 1.00067548 ± 0.00000051
argument of perihelion [°] 1.205106 ± 0.000019
ascending node [°] 210.355850 ± 0.000008
inclination [°] 99.556793 ± 0.000005
recip semi-major axis [10-6 au-1] -702.69 ± 0.53
file containing 5001 VCs swarm
Time distribution of positional observations with corresponding heliocentric (red curve) and geocentric (green curve) distance at which they were taken. The horizontal dotted line shows the perihelion distance for a given comet whereas vertical dotted line — the moment of perihelion passage.
Six 2D-projections of the 6D space of future swarm including 5001 VCs. Each density map is given in logarithmic scale presented on the right in the individual panel.